Creating habitat for Bush Duiker Sylvicapra grimmiaCreating habitat for Bush Duiker Sylvicapra grimmia
at Mount Moreland Conservancy

 List compiled by Michael Hickman  -  links and common names by Angie Wilken

Suitable food plants to be used to create habitat for Bush Duiker
 
Considering the vast and varied diet of the Bush Duiker it is recommended that the following species in particular should be planted to provide as varied a range of food plants as possible to support a reasonably large and healthy number of Bush Duiker on the estate. In addition most of the plants listed below also provide food for the smaller Blue Duiker Cephalophus monticola, which if not already present on the estate should be introduced.

Click on an image and find out more about the listed species

 

Acacia Karoo
Acacia karroo
Acacia karroo
  
Sweet thorn

Acacia nilotica
Acacia nilotica
Acacia nilotica
 
scented-pod Acacia 

http://www.nature-first.net/acacia-robusta.php
Acacia robusta
Acacia robusta
 
Ankle Thorn

http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantab/acaiasieber.htm
Acacia sieberiana
Acacia sieberiana
 
paperbark thorn
 

Canthium inerme
Canthium inerme
Canthium inerme
turkey-berry

Carissa macrocarpa
Carissa macrocarpa
Carissa macrocarpa
Natal plum

Combretum kraussii
Combretum kraussii
Combretum kraussii
 forest bushwillow
 

Dichrostachys cinerea  Dichrostachys cinerea
Dichrostachys cinerea
sickle bush
 

Dovyalis caffra
Dovyalis caffra
Dovyalis caffra
Kei-appel
 

Dovyalis longispina
Dovyalis longispina
Dovyalis longispina
Natal Apricot 

Ficus lutea
Ficus lutea
Ficus lutea
Giant-leaved fig

Ficus natalensisFicus natalensis 
Ficus natalensis
ommon wild fig

 Ficus polita
Ficus polita
Ficus polita
Fig tree
 

Ficus sur
Ficus sur
Ficus sur
Broom cluster fig

Halleria lucida
Halleria lucida
Halleria lucida
Tree fuchsia

Harpephyllum caffrumHarpephyllum caffrum 
Harpephyllum caffrum
Wild plum
 
 

Mimusops caffraMimusops caffra 
Mimusops caffra
Coast red milkwood

Mimusops obovata
Mimusops obovata
Mimusops obovata
Coastal red milkwood

Portulacaria afra
Portulacaria afra
Portulacaria afra
Pork bush

Sclerocarya birrea
Sclerocarya birrea
Sclerocarya birrea
Marula  

Strychnos gerrardii
Strychnos gerrardii
Strychnos gerrardii
Coastal monkey orange

Strychnos madagascariensis
Strychnos madagascariensis
Strychnos madagascariensis
Black monkey orange

 Syzigium cordatum
Syzigium cordatum
Syzigium cordatum
Umdoni

Tabernaemontana ventricosa
Tabernaemontana ventricosa
Tabernaemontana ventricosa
Forest toad tree

Trema orientalis
Trema orientalis
Trema orientalis
Pigeon wood

Trichilia dregeana
 Trichilia dregeana 
Trichilia dregeana 
Forest Natal mahogany

Xylotheca kraussiana
Xylotheca kraussiana
Xylotheca kraussiana
African dog rose
 

  Shrubs             

Coddia rudis
Coddia rudis
Coddia rudis
 
Small Bone-apple

Deinbollia oblongifolia
Deinbollia oblongifolia
Deinbollia oblongifolia
Dune soap berry
 

Combretum bracteosum
Combretum bracteosum
Combretum bracteosum
Hiccough-nut
  

Ficus burt-davyi
Ficus burtt-davyi
Ficus burtt-davyi
 
Veld fig 

Grewia occidentalis
Grewia occidentalis
Grewia occidentalis
Cross-berry
  

Hibiscus calyphyllus
Hibiscus calyphyllus
Hibiscus calyphyllus
Sun hibiscus
  

Hibiscus pedunculatus
Hibiscus pedunculatus
Hibiscus pedunculatus
Pink mallow

Hibiscus surattensisHibiscus surattensis
Hibiscus surattensis
Bush Sorrel

Isoglossa woodii
Isoglossa woodii
Isoglossa woodii
 
Buckweed 

Forbs

                                

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asystasia gangetica
Asystasia gangetica
Asystasia gangetica
Creeping foxglove
   

Dicliptera heterostegia
Drimiopsis maculata
Drimiopsis maculata
Little white soldiers
 

Drimiopsis maculata
Justicia betonica
Justicia betonica
Paper plume

Justicia betonica
Justicia campylostemon
Justicia campylostemon
Honey justicia

Justicia campylostemon
Justicia capensis
Justicia capensis
Money plant

Justicia flava
Justicia flava
 
yellow justicea

Justicia petiolaris
Justicia petiolaris
Blue justicia

Justicia protracta
Justicia 
protracta
Veld justicia

Peristrophe cernua
Peristrophe cernua
False Buchwheat
 

Phaulopsis imbricata 1
Phaulopsis imbricata
 

 

 

                          

     

 

Print Out Plant List to attract Bush Buck

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General
 

The Bush Duiker, Sylvicapra grimmia, also known as the Grey or Common Duiker, is a small antelope with small horns found in west, central, east, and southern Africa- essentially everywhere in Africa south of the Sahara, excluding the horn of Africa and the rainforests of the central and western parts of the continent. It grows to about 4 feet (1.2 m) in height and generally weighs 12 to 25 kg; females are generally larger and heavier than their male counterparts. The male bears horns which can grow to 4.25 inches (11 cm) long. Breeding is year round and the female gives birth to one fawn. 

Duiker ("DIKE-er") is Afrikaans for "diver", due to their habit of bounding into the undergrowth when alarmed.  Silva (Latin) a wood, a forest; capra (Latin) a she-goat.  Named in honour of Dr. Hermann Nicolas Grimm, a German scientist who originally described the Duiker as early as 1686, though it was named by Linnaeus in 1758. 

 

Habitat 

Generally they are found in habitat that has sufficient vegetation cover to allow them to hide—savannah and hilly areas, including the fringes of human settlements. They are not usually found in thick Forest. 

Males are territorial and smear gland secretions on rocks and branches in order to mark their territories, their preferred resting places are generally on elevated ground where they can observe their territory. Females, by contrast, prefer deeper cover. The overall success of this species stems from its ability to inhabit a wide variety of habitats as well as from its adaptable, generalist diet. 

 

Diet 

Bush Duikers are almost exclusively browsers. Their diet consists of leaves especially of Acacia and  Combretum, as well as twigs, fruits, flowers and seeds of a large variety of trees and shrubs. Fruits are seasonally very important, notably the seed pods of leguminous trees in particular those of Acacia as well as various varieties of Figs. They will often scavenge for these fruits below trees in which monkeys birds and fruit bats are feeding. They also dig for tubers and roots and eat unusual items such as fungus, young birds, caterpillars and lizards. The resin and bark of trees are occasionally a part of the Duiker's diet. They have been known to eat insects, such as caterpillars, cockroaches, and ants. 

They are independent of water and rarely drink even where water is freely available.
 

More plant selections - Click on an Imange to reveal more

 Mount Moreland tree lists
TREES

 Creepers for the Mount Moreland Conservancy
CREEPERS

 Aquatic plants suitable for the Mount Moreland Conservancy area
AQUATIC

Flowers for Mount Moreland
FLOWERS

 Grass list fot the Mount Moreland Conservancy
GRASSES

List of Aloes for the Mount Moreland Conservancy Area
ALOES

Plant Lists to attract Bio-Diversity

List of plants to attract butterflies to the Mount Moreland Conservancy
ATTRACT BUTTERFLIES

List of plants to attract birds to the Mount Moreland Conservancy
ATTRACT BIRDS